What’s This Plant That Heals Us? Elderberry Is The Name
Known to all, elderberry is this tree with honeycomb flowers that turn in late summer into small blackberries and that grows almost everywhere. So easy to find and pick some, even if you do not have one in your garden. Flowers, bark leaves everything is good, to heal and also to make delicious recipes, another wonderful gift of nature.
Loved for its fruit and its many therapeutic virtues, scorned for the nauseating smell exhaled by its leaves when crushed, the black elderberry has a special place in the hearts of men. This small tree also has an important role for wildlife to which it offers many benefits.
What’s The Elderberry Origin?
- Family: Caprifoliaceae
- Origin: Europe.
- Habitat: Deciduous forests, but also rubble where birds deposit elderberry seeds.
- Leaves: opposite, with 5 ovals, dentate, petiolate leaflets 5-10 cm long.
- Flowers: small and white, grouped in umbrellas.
- Fruits: blackberries, appreciated by birds and men
This small tree, which usually reaches 2 meters, but can go up to 10 meters and live more than 100 years, is of the family Caprifoliaceae (as well as honeysuckle for example). It is a so-called heliophile species, hear that needs sun or half-shade to live, you will not find it in the heart of the forest but more easily at the edge of a wood, and commonly in the hedges and on the trees.
Different Types Of Elders
The identification of the Elder species and common names often refers to the region in which these plants were found or the color of their berries. Some older species are European Elderberry / Sambucus nigra – Black Elderberry / European Red Elderberry Sambucus australasica / Mexican Elderberry Sambucus racemosa and more.
Different species of elderberry have berries that vary in color from black or bluish black to red and even yellow or perhaps white. The elderflower is white to pale cream. Although the elderberry plant is found in areas around the world, its presence is most abundant in the northern hemisphere, with at least ten identified species in North America.
Active ingredients in Sambucus nigra
Sambucus nigra is rich in bioflavonoids, mainly flavones, and flavonols, which are most commonly known for their antioxidant. Anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties! The most common flavonols in this elderberry are isoquercitrin, quercetin, as well as anthocyanins that truly also have antiviral substances.
It furthermore holds chlorogenic acids, for instance, cinnamic acid, which aids with allergies, which helps regulate your sugar levels and also have a great laxative effect on the body. Triterpenoids, especially B-amyrin, erythrodiol, and oleanolic acid, are also found in Sambucus nigra. These wonderful plants offer a range of health benefits, such as analgesic, anti-cancer effects, and anti-inflammatory.
What Are At The Top 6 Health Benefits Of Elderberry?
Elderberries have many health benefits. Let us see some of them in detail:
1. Help With Digestion
Like we all know most fruits can aid you to achieve your very own fiber objectives out there, some fruits can help more than 40 percent of your daily fiber needs in a single serving. Elderberries are actually full of the well-known fiber, which could help get rid of constipation, decrease excess gas, and also by and large improve the health of your very own digestive system. Fiber will also aid to increase the efficiency of nutrient uptake in your intestines so you get more of your food.
3. Improve The Health Of Your Heart
The high levels of fiber in this plants help get rid of overload cholesterol from your body as well as make room for the well-known HDL (great) cholesterol that your body needs. Elderberry can help decrease the chances of mounting cardiovascular issues. The high potassium content in the elderberries also protects the heart by relaxing the tension of the blood vessels and arteries. As a vasodilator, potassium can significantly lower blood pressure and keep the heart healthy!
3. Improve Respiratory Health
When it comes to eliminating sore throats, coughs, colds, bronchitis or other problems that affect your respiratory system, elderberry juice may be the best option. Akin to a lot of cough syrups out there, this plants syrup furthermore holds active and great ingredients. The elderberry syrup also acts as an expectorant and eliminates mucus, which could trap foreign stuff in its glands.
4. Increase The Immunity
Elderberry syrup has certain anti-bacterial and anti-infective properties and is very often used to prevent flu in bad seasons, where it seems everyone is catching it. In addition, elderberries can protect against the effects of autoimmune diseases, including relief of certain symptoms and AIDS-related pain.
5. Diabetes Control
The great active ingredients in the elderberries function directly on the pancreas to regulate insulin as well as glucose! This gives people with diabetes stability or helps non-diabetics avoid this horrible condition.
6. Improve Bone Health
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds in elderberries can relieve pain and joint pain through inflammation. A high content of great essential minerals promotes the bone strength as well as the increase of new bone tissue.
What makes Sambucus nigra Elderberry different?
Most types of these berries (like Sambucus nigra) are safe to eat when they are ripe and even cooked. Both the very skin as well as the pulp can be consumed. But, it is vital to understand that most raw berries and even other parts of this popular plant are truly poisonous.
Sambucus nigra is the variety of elderberry that is most commonly used for health benefits, because it’s the only variety considered non-toxic by itself, if not cooked, but it is recommended to cook the berries at least a little to improve its taste as well as digestibility
In early summer, Sambucus nigra bears sprays of small white flowers, forming through small black fruits that can be boiled and eaten or used to make a refreshing summer drink. Though most elderberry fruits are used in liqueur (gnole in Burgundy), sorbet, jam, but these elderberries should be avoided raw except the Sambucus nigra. This is actually what makes Sambucus nigra – Black Elderberry different from other Elderberries